Welcome to Episode 2: Types of Science
Today, Nav and I discuss different types of science.
These are ‘consensus’, ’emerging science’ and ‘pseudoscience’.
We also briefly discuss ‘superfoods’. Is there any legitimacy to their claims or is it marketing spin? 🙂
Science is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe. In modern usage the word “science” has became increasingly associated with the scientific method itself, as a disciplined way to study the natural world, including physics, chemistry and biology. Modern science is typically subdivided into the natural sciences which study the material world, the social sciences which study people and societies, and the formal sciences like mathematics. Solid evidence base.
This is legitimate scientific inquiry, but it does not yet have weight of evidence. It may be that only a few studies have been done on a particular topic, or there have been conflicting studies, requiring further research before conclusions can be drawn.
Speculative evidence base.
Pseudoscience is a claim, belief or practice which is incorrectly presented as scientific. It does not adhere to a valid scientific method, cannot be reliably tested, or otherwise lacks scientific status. Pseudoscience is often characterized by the use of vague, contradictory, exaggerated or unprovable claims. It has an over-reliance on confirmation rather than rigorous attempts at refutation, a lack of openness to evaluation by other experts, and a general absence of systematic processes to rationally develop theories. Usually anecdotal evidence base.
Myth or reality?
If you define a ‘superfood’ as “a food containing high nutrient density and relatively low energy density” then they’re real.
If you define them as “some kind of magical item that will confer magnificent health and vitality by virtue of it’s properties” then you may well be engaging in withful thinking. Sorry!
What did you think of the info and episode?
Please get in touch with a comment or question. 🙂